Once established, the thirteen British colonies could be divided into three geographic areas: New England, Middle, and Southern. Each of these had specific developments that were unique to the regions. Though there were many similarities in the development of the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies, they were very different: politically, socially, and economically. The three colonies all had comparable similarities, as they were all democratic.
But they ran their democratic governmentin all different types of ways. For instance, the Middle Colonies had their government and church seperated. The New England Colonies, however, were a Theocracy, which meant that the church controlled the government. The Southern Colonies had the least autonomy since they were an Oligarchy. This meant that the wealthy plantation owners controlled the government because they were the only people who could manage to pay for all their own expenses.
Even though the three colonies were all self-ruled, they all had distinguishing (recognize or treat someone or something as different) features. Although a majority of the colonists were from England, socially the three groups of colonies developed differently. The New England Colonies supported each other to create a one-class system: middle class. The Middle Colonies had a two-class system which consisted of upper class landowners and middle class professionals living in large cities.
The Southern Colonies had a strict three class system: upper class wealthy plantation owners, lower class poor whites and a population of Negroes which were not considered a class at all. Each of the three segments of the British American Colonies had their own social order. The American Colonies vastly (to an exceedingly great extent or degree) differed due to the geography of the three regions.
Comparing the New England and Chesapeake Colonists Essay
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Comparing the New England and Chesapeake Colonists
The New England and Chesapeake colonists settled in the new world for different reasons like religious freedoms in the North and quick profits in the South.
Jamestown was originally an ideal place to strike it rich for the colonists. They didn't plan on staying long, therefore not bringing many women, as seen in Doc C. The early colony began to expand after the governors imposed laws and kept things running smooth. The Pilgrims who were seeking religious freedom from the Church of England established the Plymouth plantation in Massachusetts. The New England colonists brought more women because they planned on more of a permanent settlement; this is illustrated in the passenger list…show more content…
Since many conflicted with the views of other groups, people migrated to areas of religious tolerance such as Rhode Island. Also Pennsylvania became another popular destination. The South contained a lot of farms, which needed workers. At first, farm owners would bring over indentured servants and later slaves. The slave trade became a large market in the South because of the scarce work population. The climate and abundance of work contributed to the number of slaves needed.
The South was a lot more open to attack then the North. As stated in Doc. G by Governor Berkeley, Virginia is intersected by a lot of rivers, which make it open to attack. Not only around the east and west, but along the far south border near the Spanish territory of Florida. This constant threat of the Spanish lead to the military growth in Georgia to defend the English colonies. The Northern colonies didn't have to worry about the Spanish but they did have to worry about the French who occupied Canada.
The North attracted many people for religious reasons and eventually developed a profitable shipbuilding industry based on the natural forests and harbors. More people who were interested in profit inhabited the South. This lead to the importation of a lot of slaves. Women's and slaves rights differed too, the South had fewer women so they were treated better, and the North had fewer slaves so they were not treated as bad. But overall both regions profited and lived happily off their