Personal Political Ideology Essay

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Why is our own personal political ideology important? I believe that it is very important to know what we believe and why we believe it. For when it comes time to vote we can match what politicians says to our own beliefs, and it will help us be informed voters. There are four main political ideologies in the United States of America. Most people in the United States can identify with one of these belief systems. They are effective at showing some of the fundamental beliefs of the American people. According to James Wilson, John DilIulio, and Meena Bose, in their book American
Government the four fundamental beliefs are: "The Conservative- In general a person who favors a more limited and local government, with less…show more content…

They believe in abortion, gay marriage and guaranteed freedom of speech". (119). "The Libertarian- They believe in a free market, lower taxes, and a small government.
They also believe in having a great amount of personal freedom, such as, speech, drug use, and abortion".(120). "The Populist- They believe in government regulations on business and heavy Federal spending on public programs. They oppose abortion and want a crackdown on crime and pornography, but support prayer in public schools". (120). My political ideology- I favor a smaller and a more limited Federal Government, with less regulations on all businesses, less government involvement in the market, lower taxes, and a simpler tax system. I have this belief because my Dad has owned his own business for the last
16 years. As I grow up, I watched my Dad have to work around very difficult regulations, a very complicated tax system , and always with the fear of the IRS and OSHA coming for a unannounced audit. I have seen my Dad work harder than any of his employees and yet make less than them. I am bias against government regulations, and higher taxes because of what I have watched my Dad go through just to keep the doors open on his business. I do not favor any welfare programs. I believe it is wrong for the Federal government to take the middle/working class' hard earned money in the form of taxes and

Political Ideology Essay

Political ideology is "a coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and individuals."1 It is a set of ideals a person or group of people have that explain how a society should work, how power should be allocated, and to what end it should be used. In America, a person's ideologies will most likely cause them to associate more with or less with a specific political group. Some organizations have specific principles they are built around, while others embrace a broader range of ideas. The four ideological types in America are libertarians, liberals, conservatives, and communitarians or populists.

Libertarians are the modern hippies, as I like to call them. Libertarians like variety in lifestyle as well as in economic structure. They believe that all people are the owners of their own lives, and should be free to do whatever they wish. They support individual responsibility and civil liberties and oppose government intervention for anything other than the protection of an individual.

Liberals, like libertarians, support freedom of choice pertaining to social and moral issues. However, liberals also support government control of the economy. They like the government to play an active role. Liberals favor government funded programs to help the disadvantaged, regulate the environment, and defend civil liberties, but oppose laws to restrict personal behavior.

Conservatives are just the opposite of liberals. They prefer a narrow role for the government, particularly in regard to the economy. Conservatives generally oppose high taxes and government control of business but support strong military, strong law enforcement, and laws that limit personal behavior to protect morality and traditional family values.

Communitarians, also called populist, emphasizes the interest of communities and societies over those of the individual. They oppose diverse lifestyles and free market economy. Communitarians give little regard to civil liberties and support high taxes and government control of the economy.

Many Americans do not think in ideological terms. They tend have a mistaken idea of where they stand. They call themselves conservative simply because it seems to be more popular and have a more positive connotation that liberal. As shown in the American National Election Studies graphs and chart, most Americans identified themselves as conservatives. However, when the same people were asked...

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