President Monroe Was Averse To Any Coursework

The James Monroe Papers at the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress consist of approximately 5,200 items dating from 1758 to 1839. Monroe (1758–1831) was the fifth president of the United States, and one of 23 presidents whose papers are at the Library of Congress. Monroe's papers document his presidency and also his prior careers as secretary of state, secretary of war, delegate to the United States Continental Congress, diplomat, and governor of Virginia. Topics covered include the negotiations with France for the Louisiana Purchase (1803), the Monroe-Pinkney treaty with Great Britain (1806), the War of 1812 (1812-1815), the Missouri Compromise (1820), the purchase of Florida from Spain (1819–1821), the Monroe Doctrine (1823), and Virginia politics. Monroe's correspondents include John Adams, John Quincy Adams, François Barbé-Marbois, Nicholas Biddle, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Charles James Fox, Andrew Jackson, Thomas Jefferson, the Marquis de Lafayette, Robert R. Livingston, James Madison, Thomas Paine, William Pinkney, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, George Washington, Carlos Martinez de Yrujo, and others.

The bulk of the collection (Series 1, General Correspondence, 1758-1839) was purchased by the federal government from Monroe's descendants in 1849. In 1903, these papers were transferred from the State Department (which had custody of them as well as other presidential papers) to the Library of Congress. The rest of the collection, Series 2 (1776–1838), Series 3 (1794–1806), and Series 4 (1778–1831) consists of papers that the Library acquired before or after the 1903 transfer and copies of original Monroe papers in private hands and other libraries. Series 1, 2, and 3 have been microfilmed and digitized copies of the microfilm are available on this Web site. Series 4 was not microfilmed, but the original documents in this series have been digitized and included here.

In this digital presentation each of the eleven reels of the microfilm is represented by its own web page or “object record.” Because the series are arranged by provenance (rather than by date, correspondent, or subject), it is sometimes necessary to look for items in more than one series. For more information about the contents of each reel and series and to view a name index, see the Index to the James Monroe Papers (Washington, D.C., 1963) and the finding aid to the collection. For additional guidance and examples of how to locate items listed in the published Index, see the Guide to Using the James Monroe Papers on this Web site. You may access the James Monroe Papers from the finding aid, or from the series list, below.

Description of Series

Series 1: General Correspondence, 1758–1839. Reels 1-9

Monroe’s correspondence, consisting of letters written and received by him. Also includes copies and drafts of Monroe’s letters, memoranda, notes, reports, and more. This series, which is arranged chronologically, constitutes the bulk of the collection. It was transferred from the State Department to the Library of Congress in 1903.

Series 2: Additional Correspondence, 1776–1838. Reels 9-10

Photostats of approximately 381 items of correspondence and related manuscripts owned by a Monroe descendant, Laurence G. Hoes. They are arranged chronologically and are reproduced here with his permission. Hoes gave the originals to the James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library in Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Series 3: Letterbooks and Account Book, 1794–1806. Reels 10-11

Letterbooks, 1803-1806, containing copies of diplomatic correspondence during the years Monroe served as minister to England, and an account book containing memoranda and accounts during his mission to France, 1794–1796. The center portion of the account book was used for personal accounts, Oct. 1801–Nov. 1802.

Series 4: Addenda, 1778–1831 and undated

Correspondence, photocopies and typescripts of correspondence, a presidential pardon, property and financial records, and miscellaneous documents. Arranged by the year the addition was processed, and alphabetically thereunder by type of material or topic. Not microfilmed with the rest of the collection in 1960, although original documents have now been digitized.

Also on this day

Lead Story

2001

Enron files for bankruptcy

On this day in 2001, the Enron Corporation files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in a New York court, sparking one of the largest corporate scandals in U.S. history. An energy-trading company based in Houston, Texas, Enron was formed in 1985 as the merger of two gas companies, Houston Natural Gas...

American Revolution

1777

Philadelphia nurse overhears British plans to attack Washington

Legend has it that on the night of December 2, 1777, Philadelphia housewife and nurse Lydia Darragh single-handedly saves the lives of General George Washington and his Continental Army when she overhears the British planning a surprise attack on Washington’s army for the following day. During the occupation of Philadelphia,...

Automotive

2002

Toyota’s first hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles arrive in California

On this day in 2002, Toyota delivers its first two “market-ready” hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles (FCHVs, in the company’s shorthand) to researchers at the University of California at Irvine and the University of California at Davis. Since 1997, Toyota had been providing research money to UC scientists and engineers who studied...

Civil War

1864

General Gracie killed at Petersburg

On this day in 1864, Confederate General Archibald Gracie Jr. is killed in the trenches at Petersburg, Virginia, when an artillery shell explodes near him. Gracie was born in New York City in 1832 (his grandfather built Gracie Mansion, the official residence of the mayor of New York) and graduated...

Cold War

1961

Castro declares himself a Marxist-Leninist

Following a year of severely strained relations between the United States and Cuba, Cuban leader Fidel Castro openly declares that he is a Marxist-Leninist. The announcement sealed the bitter Cold War animosity between the two nations. Castro came to power in 1959 after leading a successful revolution against the dictatorial regime...

Crime

1991

Kennedy cousin rape trial begins

Opening testimony takes place in the highly publicized rape trial of William Kennedy Smith, a nephew of President John F. Kennedy and son of Jean Kennedy Smith, the president’s sister and a former ambassador to Ireland. Smith, then a 30-year-old medical student at Georgetown University, was accused of sexually assaulting...

Disaster

1959

Dam collapses in France, killing 412

The Malpasset Dam in France collapses on this day in 1959 and the resulting flood kills more than 400 people. The city of Frejus, dating back to Caesar’s time, was devastated by the massive flood. Frejus was built by Roman Emperor Caesar as a port city on the French Riviera. Over...

General Interest

1804

Napoleon crowned emperor

In Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Napoleon I, the first Frenchman to hold the title of emperor in a thousand years. Pope Pius VII handed Napoleon the crown that the 35-year-old conqueror of Europe placed on his own head. The Corsican-born Napoleon, one of the greatest...

1823

Monroe Doctrine declared

During his annual address to Congress, President James Monroe proclaims a new U.S. foreign policy initiative that becomes known as the “Monroe Doctrine.” Primarily the work of Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the Monroe Doctrine forbade European interference in the American hemisphere but also asserted U.S. neutrality in regard...

1859

John Brown hanged

In Charles Town, Virginia, militant abolitionist John Brown is executed on charges of treason, murder, and insurrection.Brown, born in Connecticut in 1800, first became militant during the mid-1850s, when as a leader of the Free State forces in Kansas he fought pro-slavery settlers in the sharply divided U.S. territory. Achieving...

1954

McCarthy condemned by Senate

The U.S. Senate votes 65 to 22 to condemn Senator Joseph R. McCarthy for conduct unbecoming of a senator. The condemnation, which was equivalent to a censure, related to McCarthy’s controversial investigation of suspected communists in the U.S. government, military, and civilian society.What is known as “McCarthyism” began on February...

Hollywood

1997

Affleck and Damon’s Good Will Hunting debuts

On this day in 1997, Good Will Hunting, a movie that will earn childhood friends Ben Affleck and Matt Damon a Best Screenplay Oscar and propel them to Hollywood stardom, premieres in Los Angeles. Good Will Hunting, which opened in wide release across America on January 9, 1998, featured Damon in...

Literary

1793

Coleridge joins the cavalry

Fleeing his debtors, 21-year-old Samuel Taylor Coleridge enlists in the Light Dragoons, an English cavalry unit, on this day in 1793. Coleridge had fallen into dissolution and debt when he started college at Cambridge in 1791. Coleridge quickly regretted his impulsive move to join the force, and with the help of...

Music

1972

The Temptations earn their final #1 hit with “Papa Was A Rolling Stone”

On December 2, 1972, the Temptations earn the last of their four chart-topping hits when “Papa Was A Rollin’ Stone” reaches #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. Over the course of their storied career, the Temptations placed 38 hit records in the pop top 40—not just more than any other...

Old West

1845

Polk affirms Monroe Doctrine

Making his first annual address to Congress, President James K. Polk belligerently reasserts the 1823 Monroe Doctrine and calls for aggressive American expansion into the West. Polk’s aggressive expansionist program created the outline of the modern American nation. The Monroe Doctrine was the creation of Polk’s predecessor, James Monroe, who argued...

Sports

1975

Archie Griffin wins second consecutive Heisman Trophy

On December 2, 1975, Ohio State University running back Archie Griffin becomes the first player in history to win the Heisman Trophy two years in a row. Following in the footsteps of his three older brothers, all football stars, the young Griffin trained hard to get in shape and lose...

Vietnam War

1962

Senator Mansfield pronounces American aid to South Vietnam wasted

Following a trip to Vietnam at President John F. Kennedy’s request, Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield (D-Montana) becomes the first U.S. official to refuse to make an optimistic public comment on the progress of the war. Originally a supporter of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, Mansfield changed his...

1963

South Vietnamese leaders order a temporary halt to the strategic hamlet program

The military junta, which took control of the South Vietnamese government following the November coup that resulted in the death of President Ngo Dinh Diem, orders a temporary halt to the strategic hamlet program. This program had been initiated in March 1962 by Diem to gather the peasants residing in areas...

World War I

1917

Russia reaches armistice with the Central Powers

A day after Bolsheviks seize control of Russian military headquarters at Mogilev, a formal ceasefire is proclaimed throughout the battle zone between Russia and the Central Powers. Immediately after their accession to power in Russia in November 1917, the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, had approached the Central Powers to arrange...

World War II

1942

Fermi produces the first nuclear chain reaction

On this day, Enrico Fermi, the Italian-born Nobel Prize-winning physicist, directs and controls the first nuclear chain reaction in his laboratory beneath the bleachers of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago, ushering in the nuclear age. Upon succesful completion of the experiment, a coded message was transmitted to President...

0 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *