Eating well day in day out should be our goal. This is because diets never work and the results do not last for a long time. People should eat in a healthy way because good food is enjoyable and integral part of the daily life. Many people believe that eating well begins in the home kitchen. Too often people eat in a rush away from home (Golson, 1998). Fast food is fat and high in calories but low in nutrients. In some cases it is possible to find healthy meals in restaurants or low-fat prepared foods in markets. Home cooked meals are healthier, tastier and more economical. Golson (1998) learned that the food we make at home will be fresher and more wholesome than anything found at a restaurant. Lacalamita&Vance (2011) argue that fast food is consistently prepared and provides good value for the dollar when all other issues are cast aside. However, reliance on a fast food diet leads to health concerns such as obesity and heart disease. On the other hand, sitting down to a home-cooked, well-balanced meal is preferable to wolfing down a high-fat meal of little nutritional value and fiber, along with a sugary carbonated drinks (Lacalamita & Vance, 2011).
Eating out is a part of today’s lifestyle. Hoeger & Sharon (2010) says that in the late 1970s, food eaten away from home represented about 18 percent of the energy intake. In the mid-1990s this figure rose to 32 percent hence almost half of the money Americans spend on food today is on meals away from home (Hoeger & Sharon, 2010). Eating out would not be such a problem if portion sizes were reasonable or if the restaurant food were similar to the food prepared at home. In comparison with home-cooked meals, the restaurant and fast food meals are higher in fat and calories and lower in essential nutrients and fiber. Food portions in fast-food have increased substantially in size. Hoeger & Sharon (2010) stated that “patrons consume huge amounts of food, almost as if this were the last meal they will ever have” (p. 38). Eating out menus may include selections that are called healthy choices but these items may not provide nutritional information including calories. Fast-food menus have many other choices that look delicious but provide larger serving sizes with more fat and calories and fewer fruits and vegetables. Hoeger & Sharon (2010) say that it is difficult to make a healthy selection because people tend to choose food for its taste, convenience and cost instead of nutrition.
Pros and cons of eating out
Fast-food is often less healthy than we think. Greer (2008) established that eating out can be tough issue for many people. While many people strive to be health conscious, we often view an evening of dinning at a nice restaurant as a treat or reward and thus tend to over-indulge. The most fundamental thing to note is that when people eat out at restaurants, they consume a greater quantity of saturated fat and calories, fewer nutrients and less fiber than when they eat at home. Greer (2008) says that “children eat almost twice as many calories in the average meal compared to a home-cooked meal” (p. 24).
Valenti & Orey (2004) say that when an individual eats out he or she does not know what he or she is getting. This is because the media is constantly doing cover stories about mysterious things that go on in meat packing companies, foods that are not being cooked long enough in fast food places and restaurants that have health violations (Valenti & Orey, 2004). Another disadvantage of eating out is that people consume hidden fats. Valenti & Orey (2004) says that even though the base of the meal may contain chicken, beef, eggs or cheese, these foods will be cooked in fake butter or oils.
Though eating out may be little harder on one’s pocket, it does not have to be unhealthy. Legere (2004) says that as a rule of thumb, while eating out people should stick to the main concepts of healthful eating that is applied to a home-cooked meal. He further continues to indicate that people should know that larger portions of fast foods served in restaurants are a marketing ploy and usually provide far more food a person needs. Legere (2004) says that instead of fried foods, one should order foods that are broiled, boiled, steamed, grilled or baked.
Eating home cooked meal
House (2011) stated that it has not been a secret that fast food, junk food, quick food, even restaurant food was sweeter, saltier, creamier, more fried and more fake than our basic home-cooked meals. This is because we have no control over what a restaurant makes for us. At home we can make fresh, fun, tasty meals just the way we like, in our own schedule and within healthy reasonable budget (House, 2011). House (2011) noted that “through home-cooked meals one can personalize the dishes just the way the family likes, all the while using lower-fat, lower-calorie and even fresher ingredients” (p. 24). House (2011) also says that the food does not have to be fried, slathered, sauced or sizzled. With home-cooked meals, one can do it in the way the family will enjoy, which will not make an individual feel guilty about feeding it to the family (House, 2011).
Home-cooked meals enable us to control when the family eats, where they eat, what they eat and how healthy they eat. House (2011) says that every family has unique tastes and palette and the last thing that they should do is to sacrifice taste for health. In this context the best way to ensure we are eating nutrient dense food is to cook our meals at home, using raw ingredients, rather than relying on processed or pre-packaged foods.
Pros and cons of eating a home cooked meal
Borboa (2011) researched that eating out, dining by delivery, drive-thru and grocery store frozen main courses not only put ones health and waistline at risk but they are expensive and in many cases take just as much time if not more than cooking a meal at home. Borboa (2011) says that gathering the family around the dinner table or even better, having the family help with the meal before it gets to the dinner table presents a tasty opportunity to spend quality time together. Through home-cooked meals the children are taught a valuable lesson in health promoting, money-saving life skills. Borboa (2011) further says that through home-cooked meals the children grow up with the positive perspective that home-cooked meals are the norm even for the busiest families.
If a person respects the importance of cooking meals at home, he or she gains a profusion of advantages that are so rarely acknowledged as a count among the best kept secrets of our day (Mendelson, 1999). According to Mendelson (1999), in addition to saving money, cooking at home helps us to be healthier, happier, more secure and it provides a wonderful way for us to be with our families. Another advantage is that it takes less time than going out to a nice restaurant; a person enjoys better tasting food and knows much more about its history and preparation (Mendelson, 1999). He further says that cooking at home also increases one’s control over the cleanliness and quality of ingredients and cares what goes into the food and establishes one more area in life in which he or she can be independent and knowledgeable.
Home-cooked meals satisfy emotional hungers as real as hunger in the belly and nothing else does so in the same way. Mendelson (1999) says that they promote affection and intimacy among those who share them. Cooking at home is like the past and future and solidifies the sense of identity and place. Mendelson (1999) mentioned that “home-cooking can offer the essential portion sizes, sophisticated attention to individual nutrition and diet needs, freedom of repetition because people in their homes know what they have eaten today, yesterday and last week, menus that reflects likes and dislikes in fat and salt levels as well as flavors, ingredients and preparation styles”. Through home cooking we can make almost anything in the world that we want, and we can make family or ethnic dishes just the way we like them. When we have satisfying, well designed meals at home, we are going to be less prone to overeating and nibbling, not only due to the types of foods we are likely to prepare but because the very emotional satisfaction offered by home-cooked meals helps to assuage the feelings of emptiness that make some of us eat when we are not really hungry (Mendelson, 1999).
Every parent discovers that the emotional comfort of home cooking is important for children. Mendelson (1999) noted that sharing meals with the children in the privacy of home environment reinforces the parents’ authority and beneficence in the children’s eyes and helps to increase their trust and pride in the parents’ abilities. Additionally, if children do not become accustomed to the taste of healthy foods at home, they are an easy target for marketers’ who want them to buy unhealthy foods away from homes. Mendelson (1999) says that such food contains high levels of fat, far too much salt and sugar, hidden ingredients and perhaps, the most harmful of all, textures and tastes that cannot be imitated at home. When children become accustomed to all tastes and styles of fast food and other commercial food, meals prepared at home that are healthier and better may nonetheless seem to taste wrong to them in the long run.
Health education campaigns currently provide information on what is healthy and stress the health as a motivation for eating behavior. Ogden (2011) says that there is a fundamental increase in the number of foods available and marketed as being healthy. Ogden mentioned that these include healthy options with low fat and low salt content and specific food products designed to lower cholesterol or protect against cancer or heart diseases (2011). Being healthy is determined by ones eating behavior hence it possible that for people without any health related symptoms, health concerns are of low salience and do not impact upon their decisions about eating behavior in any significant way (Ogden, 2011). Health concerns, according to Ogden (2011), may become more of a motivational force once a person’s health starts to suffer and once he or she experiences symptoms which he or she believes may be modifiable by their behavior.
Being healthy requires that we take control and start making the efforts to decrease our food portions, substituting healthy foods for not so healthy foods and exercising, unless restricted by our physician. Leacock-Ballish (2010) says that we must shop wisely and prepare our own meals at home. In addition, Leacock-Ballish (2010) studied that we have to start somewhere and that somewhere is the first learning to commit to being healthy, which cannot take effect unless we start the doing process which includes shopping for our food items and knowing in advance what we want to purchase. Being healthy requires us to practice the reading labels which are a big part of a smart grocery shopping and then once we have purchased the healthy items, we have to commit to healthy preparation (Leacock-Ballish, 2010).
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It is important for people to realize that it does not make any sense to buy healthy food items and then prepare them in an unhealthy way. Jacob, Chan & Thiessen (2008) in their studies noted that food should not be used as a reward or bribe for good behavior or for preventing the bad one. Parents should understand that all foods even treats can fit into a healthy diet. To be healthy we should choose the healthier foods more often and not so-healthy ones from time to time. Jacob, Chan & Thiessen (2008) identified that children do not have the knowledge to make healthy food choices hence they depend on their parents to offer healthy and varied food choices. This provides them with the foundation of being healthy and it is a basis of good eating habits even for the most fastidious eater.
Although eating out can be fun, the research of home-cooked food presents individuals with the best option for living healthy. People should realize that large food portions and flavors served in fast-food restaurants are marketing strategies which seek to encourage customers. Scholars assert that eating out would not be a big issue if the quality of restaurant food was similar to the quality of food prepared at home. The home cooked and fast food cannot be compared. From the economics perspective home-cooked food is more economical since it restrains individuals from spending heavily on fast-foods. The research shows that when people engage in preparing their own food they reduce the risks of their health concerns and averts diseases such as obesity, cancer and other related health complications such as heart diseases. Fast food is steadily prepared and provides good value for our money and time when all other issues are cast aside.
From the research we realize that eating out can be reasonable only if the quality of such meals is improved. Restaurants should address concerns such as reducing fat and calories and increasing essential nutrients and fiber. Fast foods should provide nutritional information to enable people to make the right choices. While eating out saves our time and the dedication required in shopping and preparing the meals at home, people should stick to the concepts of health eating. On the other hand, home-cooked foods play a key role in monitoring our diet in what people can come up with weekly menu of what they will eat. Home cooking gives us the opportunity to use raw ingredients instead of focusing heavily on the pre-packaged foods. People take control of the cleanliness of the food they consume when they prepare their meals. Fast food and home-cooked foods determine our eating habits and influence our body health. Being healthy requires taking control of the food portions we take be it fast food or home-cooked foods. The benefits associated with home-cooked food outweigh those of fast-foods on the basis of our health, hygiene and economics.
In conclusion, what people eat defines them, whereas how food is cooked defines our society and culture. Therefore we should strive to eat healthy foods always. This will promote our wellbeing. With home-cooked meal one knows exactly what is in the meal and one can adjust the seasoning or ingredients exactly to his or her liking. There are intangible benefits of cooking at home unlike eating out. Though fast foods save individuals from the hustle of buying and preparing food, home cooking is significant when health matters are put into serious considerations. Studies show that people who prefer cooking for themselves eat a home-cooked meal in a less rushed way, rather than a carton of take-out set on the table.
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Fast Food and Home Cooked Food
Food is something that we as humans need to take at least two times every day. Some people believe food should be perfectly fresh and natural. In comparison fast food with home-cooked food there are differences. Everybody has different choices for food. Personally I am not so particular about eating food from outside or home-cooked food. For me it all depends upon the situation, mood and time. Eating from outside and home cooked food, have their own associated pluses and minuses. Below I will try to account some of those facts, based on the contrast and comparison between eating fast foods and home cooked foods in many ways. There are advantages to both fast food and home made food. While fast food may be more convenient, home cooked food is healthier and cheaper:
These days people are very busy and even most of the women are working outside the home, since social life style has changed, therefore shortage of time makes fast food more convenient. Some times you are not in the mode to cook and work in the kitchen and clean the dishes; therefore fast food is the best choice. Everyday before cooking
people always think about whether they should cook or not and what kind food they will eat. In my situation, I always have to take a long time, it is always the same food and does not taste good. However, if I eat out, it is more convenience and there are more choices. This case is not only for me, many people have a similar problem as me. Food is plentiful and anywhere we can see the restaurant to eat to get food, therefore, many people like to have fast food.
There is important differences between fast food and home made cooked, which makes it more preferable and that is health issue. The very obvious reason is, home-cooked food will be definitely much healthier than any fast food. Even if you get the food from any of the top-notch five star restaurant also, it can not be that healthier. Fast food is almost always fried, which makes it tastier but harmful to your body and your health. Although you fry food at home but at least you can control the amount and type of oil you use. Eating more fast food can cause fatness or obesity. Home cooking is exactly how you want your meal to be done and you can control the entire ingredient going into your recipe. In fast food restaurants they use some artificial things to add color, taste, etc, which is not good for your health.
Most fast food is frozen and, therefore, it is not fresh, but the home cooked food is always fresh and of course healthier. Frozen food loses all its vitamin and protein. People, who prefer fast food, are sacrificing healthy home food just for convenience. By eating lots of fast food you risk having high blood pressure which can cause major health problems as you get older, higher cholesterol, diabetes