Ways To Improve Public Transport
Efficient public transport makes commuting less appalling for all and attractive to users. There are a number of recommendations that could improve public transport. While some suggestions may take much time to implement because they are expensive and complicated improvement measures, there are a number of inexpensive measures that could be implemented very quickly with profound positive impact on commuters. Some of these inexpensive and easy to implement ways to improve public transport are as follows:
Make Interchanging Easy for Public Transport
Since most public transport aim at linking areas that are outside a city to the city centre, it is also imperative to link outlying areas together. Doing this is beneficial in two ways. In the first instance, it helps people who shouldn’t be at the city centre but needed to pass through because the outlying areas are not connected together to keep off and, hence, reduce congestion at the centre. Also, connecting the outlying areas provide a backup for the public transport system in case of a problem which often happen.
Minimise the Number of Stops/Stations
Stops and stations improves the efficiency of public transport but there should be a balance between enabling accessibility with more stops or stations and reducing the costs of operation by increasing transit speed or ensuring trips are covered in time. Therefore, care should be taken to ensure that stops and stations are located on streets to balance accessibility by commuters on one hand and reduce operating costs on the other hand.
Lessen Traffic Congestion by deploying a number of Pragmatic Measures
Reducing traffic congestion at city streets could be done by implementing a number of strategies such as providing lanes dedicated specially for the use of public transport, deploying strict regulations such as parking and turn restrictions, and the use of innovative ideas such as queue bypasses or queue jumps. Another means of reducing traffic congestion is by providing feeds and data from public transport systems freely to commuters to educate and help them avoid areas of traffic congestion and, hence, improve the system through making users more informed.
Giving Priority to Public Transport at Traffic Signals
Giving priority to public buses and trams at traffic signals is an excellent way to improve the operating efficiency by increasing the travel time of these means of public transport. This could be done by deploying traffic engineering mechanism whereby a traffic signal turns green at the sight of a public transport at an intersection.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
While some people choose to use public transportations, others prefer to use their own cars. It is believed that the excessive usage of personal cars has caused congestion problems in big cities and therefore people should use public transportations more often. However, public transportations have their own positive and negative sides and the following essay will discuss them in details.
It is undeniable, that public transportations have some weaknesses. Some people still choose to use their own private vehicles, though the government has encouraged them to use public transports. It is because public transportations are not as safe as private cars and some criminal activities on public buses or trains such as pocket thieves are still being reported. And then public transportations are not reliable in terms of preciseness and accuracy. Many people have complained about the preciseness and the consistency of these public transportations schedules, which impacted to their work or study time.
Despite its weakness points, public transportations bring a lot of benefits for individuals and societies. Firstly, it is clear that the existence of public transportations will automatically reduce traffic problems. Secondly, if the utilisation of public transportations increased, it means that there will be a reduction in the consumption of fossil fuels. Consequently, it will reduce air pollution and global warming issues. Therefore, the governments should encourage their residents to use public transportations.
In conclusion, people have different opinions about public transportations. Some people enjoy using them, while others choose to use their own personal vehicles. Although public transportations have some weaknesses, I do believe that the benefits outweighed the drawbacks. I also suggest that the government should improve the public transportation services, therefore more and more people are attracted to use public transportations.
[ Written by - Darwin Lesmana ]
Model Answer 2:
Transportation is playing an important role in every nation's development process and this is an important aspect of our life for mobility. Some people believe that private car is the best mean of transportation while others say that public transport service should be used for this purpose. However, as far as I am concerned, I firmly agree that public transport service should be our main mean of transportation. The advantages and demerits of using public transportation are discussed in this essay.
The very first advantage of using public transportation service is that it reduced the burning of fossil fuel. We all know that fuels like petrol and diesel take million of years to make. Therefore if we do not decrease the usage level of these fuels then in future it will be diminished. So to make sure that it will not happen in future, we need to save these fuels as much as possible. The very first step towards it is the usage of public transport service. Since a public transportation can carry a large number of passengers it reduced the overall fuel consumption. Thus it helps to reduce the air and environmental pollutions.
Secondly, more pollution will be generated if we opt to use private cars for transportation. The more personal cars on the road, the more pollution it will generate. So if we use bus or train for roaming then we can fulfil our part to decrease the environmental pollutions. Further, transportation cost is cheaper in the case of public transportation. Another aspect is the accident risk. In private cars, the probability of accident on road has increased dramatically. Last but not least, public transportation increases your social contacts. Your social life will scatter with the use of government transport service.
Every coin has two sides and that is true for the usage of public transportation as well. Firstly, public buses or trains take more time to travel to some place. It does not take any shortcuts and also runs in limited speed. On the other hand, with a private car, you can go to any place in a very short time. Secondly, public transport service is limited. One has to make sure that he/she has the timetable of public buses or trains. If one does not have timing record, then it generates some hurdles for the travellers. There is little privacy on public transportation and you can’t relax in a crammed public bus or train.
All in all, I would conclude by saying that public transport service has more advantages than its disadvantages. Further, I like to suggest that buses or trains should our main transportation types. Private cars should be used for urgent needs only. Otherwise, public transportations should be used. It will save our environment.
[ Written by - Satwinder Singh ]