Research Paper About Bats

Bats comprise about one fifth of all mammal species, and new species are being described regularly.  Subject of numerous misunderstandings and misconceptions, bats also are challenging to study due to their nocturnal and aerial lifestyle.  Some bats fly many kilometers in their nightly search for food; some bats consume their body weight in insects every night; some bats are critical pollinators or fruit dispersers for economically important plant species.  Some bats hibernate for many months, and some of these mate in the fall before hibernating, and then store viable sperm for up to a couple of months before fertilizing eggs; this allows them to give birth in early spring when their insect food is abundant.  In short, bats are diverse, fascinating, and important both in ecologic and economic terms.  In this collection of papers we highlight only some of the diversity of work on bats that is published by the American Society of Mammalogists.  This collection includes some now-classic papers as well as a number of newer contributions.  Some of these papers focus on population or community ecology, others on physiology, and others comprise the ongoing effort to document the diversity of bat species on Earth.  We invite you to visit our journals online – the Journal of Mammalogy and Mammalian Species – to learn more about these most interesting species!

Dr. Douglas A. Kelt
American Society of Mammalogists​ Publications Director

Reproduction of the Lump-Nosed Bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquei) in California
Oliver P. Pearson, Mary R. Koford, Anita K. Pearson
Journal of Mammalogy (1952) 33 (3)

Nursery Roosts and Community Diversity of Nearctic Bats
Stephen R. Humphrey
Journal of Mammalogy (1975) 56 (2)

Roost Fidelity of Bats: A Review
Susan E. Lewis
Journal of Mammalogy (1995) 76 (2)

Roosting Behavior and Roost-Site Preferences of Forest-Dwelling California Bats (Myotis californicus)
R. Mark Brigham, Maarten J. Vonhof, Robert M. R. Barclay, and John C. Gwilliam
Journal of Mammalogy (1997) 78 (4)

Investigating the causes of death for wind turbine-associated bat fatalities
Steven M. Grodsky, Melissa J. Behr, Andrew Gendler, et al.
Journal of Mammalogy (2011) 92 (5)

Tropical rain-forest matrix quality affects bat assemblage structure in secondary forest patches
Ivar Vleut, Samuel I. Levy-Tacher, Jorge Galindo-González, et al.
Journal of Mammalogy (2012) 93 (6)

Hierarchical fruit selection by Neotropical leaf-nosed bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae)
Tiago Y. Andrade, Wibke Thies, Patrícia K. Rogeri, et al.
Journal of Mammalogy (2013) 94 (5)

Prey preference of the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus, Chiroptera) using molecular analysis
Paulo Estefano D. Bobrowiec, Maristerra R. Lemes, and Rogério Gribel
Journal of Mammalogy (2015) 96 (1)

Effects of land use on bat diversity in a complex plantation–forest landscape in northeastern Brazil
Katrin Heer, Maria Helbig-Bonitz, Renato G. Fernandes, et al.
Journal of Mammalogy ​(2015) 96 (4)

Influence of call structure on the jamming avoidance response of echolocating bats
Erin H. Gillam and B. Karina Montero
Journal of Mammalogy (2015) 96 (5)

Molecular systematic revision of tree bats (Lasiurini): doubling the native mammals of the Hawaiian Islands
Amy B. Baird, Janet K. Braun, Michael A. Mares, et al.
Journal of Mammalogy (2015) 96 (5)

Myotis yumanensis (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)
Janet K. Braun, Blia Yang, Sara B. González-Pérez, and Michael A. Mares
Mammalian Species (2015) 47 (918)

A seven-year-old’s thoughts on why “bats are really cool animals” were accepted for publication by an academic journal as part of an investigation into predatory publishers.

In the latest exposé of pay-to-publish journals, a 153-word manuscript written by Tristan Martin on the living habits of bats was provisionally accepted for publication by the International Journal of Comprehensive Research in Biological Sciences, which enclosed an invoice for $60 (£46).

Containing a series of basic facts about bats, such as they are the “only mammals that can fly” and “they sleep by day and fly by night”, the paper concludes that bats are “truly amazing”.

After the paper was reformatted by Tristan’s father, Alexandre Martin, assistant professor at the University of Kentucky’s College of Engineering, it was then accepted by IJCRBS, one of nearly 1,000 titles listed as a “potential, possible or probable” predatory journal by experts at the University of Colorado.

Dr Martin’s study, titled “A not-so-harmless experiment in predatory open-access publishing”, was published in the journal Learned Publishing in September.

It was inspired by an experiment by the Australian computer scientist Peter Vamplew, who managed in 2014 to get a paper consisting solely of the words “Get me off your fucking mailing list” accepted for publication by a bogus journal.

Dr Vamplew never paid the $150 fee requested by the journal, but Dr Martin hoped to go one step further and pay the fee to see if the journal would actually publish the material.

He eventually decided not to proceed with publication, but the situation took an unexpected turn when the final proofs of the paper were sent to him, along with a repeated request to pay the $60 fee.

“The text of the manuscript had been completely – and unexpectedly – changed, and only the title, the author, and the figures were kept as originally submitted,” explains Dr Martin.

An online search revealed that the new version of the full-length manuscript had been plagiarised verbatim from two published papers, which led Dr Martin to retract the article.

He was then informed that his original version could be published and that the changes were “only a suggestion put forth by the editorial review committee”.

Dr Martin says that he then ended the experiment and stopped communicating with the journal, which has since ceased operations.

He believes that the editor recognised the poor quality of the manuscript but, “motivated by the desire to publish an article for his newly founded journal, or perhaps to simply collect the publication fee, he chose to replace the content to make the article look serious”.

Such an approach, however, risked bringing scholars into more disrepute than merely having their work appear in unsound journals, he says.

While “probably not widespread”, the insertion of plagiarised material is “one more reason to expose them and discourage researchers to publish” in predatory journals, he concludes.

jack.grove@tesglobal.com

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