The Effects Of Poverty In Early Childhood Education
Poverty can have some deep and lasting effects on Early Childhood Education. One of the more pronounced effects can be that caused by hunger. If a child is hungry then they may not be able to concentrate on their lessons, become lethargic and may be disruptive. Many schools get around this by opening the school early and providing a breakfast club. They usually offer a balanced breakfast that includes cereals, toast, fruit and yogurt. It is also a chance for socialisation with their friends where they are all equals.
A child may also feel isolated because of their clothes, even if the school has a uniform, it may be that the poorer children are not able to dress as smartly as the others. If the school does not have a uniform then this is even more or a divider as many children will be wearing some very trendy clothes whilst the less fortunate will be wearing clothes that have been handed down several times and will either be too big or too small. A child may come from a home where personal hygiene may be difficult due to the facilities available or because of the economics of paying for the utilities which will also have an impact on clothes washing. This alone can draw the attention of bullies.
School trips may be not be on the curriculum for the child from a poor family. A lot of school trips are based around their current curriculum and will have an impact on their classroom learning. Many schools have a social fund that can provide some or all of the payment for the trip but this may mean filling in forms and declaring poverty. Being poor does not mean that people do not have pride. School trips are also a social learning experience.
Attendance may also be an issue as poverty even in this age, tends to bring a prevalence of poor health. The child may have severe colds more often or other childhood diseases which will have an impact on their attendance at school. Poor attendance means that they miss a lot of classroom time and it only takes a few days out of school on a regular basis for a child to behind their peers in their learning. When a child is very far behind their peers others may think that they have learning difficulties and treat them accordingly. It is usual that a child who is part of a family that is poor may not have the same facilities at home such as books and laptops. Schools may be able to support families experiencing poverty by starting up a parenting support group.
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The issue of poverty is something that many are involved with. Poverty can be a determining factor in an individuals future. Those without money for healthcare or education can have much shorter lifespans than those who have access to all of the essentials that money can indeed, buy.
Income inequality can be blamed as the biggest obstacle to individual opportunity. Despite measures and laws designed to make it more equal, the rich are actually getting richer and the poor are really getting poorer.
One problem with poverty is that it costs money to get out of poverty. Despite programs that help with the cost of getting an education, there still continues to be a problem with poorer people getting educated. Very few low-cost educational programs are completely debt-free. A person often has to take on thousands of dollars of debt regardless in addition to what they have to come up with right now. Even if they can get into a free school program, there are ongoing obstacles like transportation, material costs and loss of income while the person is going to school and can't be at work.
Food and Water
While many know that food, water and shelter are essential to life, these resources continue to be income based. Because everyone needs these things, the people who have the money can procure them for a low price and sell them to people for a decent profit. Because they are essential, people have no choice but to pay whatever is being charged. As long as needed materials and utilities are profit based, equality seems impossible.
Access to healthcare still continues to be an issue. Even with politician's starry-eyed ideas, affordable healthcare around the world is virtually non-existent. Medical care continues to be costly because companies that make medicines and medical equipment are allowed to charge exorbitant fees for the. while medical equipment is very technical, so is factory equipment with many moving parts. However, a factory can be equipped for several hundred thousand dollars while fully equipping a hospital costs millions.
As long as there is a capital based economic system in the world, there will be those who have and those who have not. The fact is, having money makes it easier to invest in things that can make money. Without being able to do the same things as a person with money, a poor person will find it difficult to get an opportunity to succeed with. If necessary things like food, clean water, medical care and education start to operate on a revenue stream other than directly from the client or the student, there could just be a chance at poverty becoming an exception instead of the general rule.